October 21st is observed as World Iodine deficiency day. Iodine is an essential micro-nutrient that is required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones T3(triiodothyronin) and T4(thyroxine) which play an important role in numerous bodily functions like nerve functioning, muscle contraction, growth, metabolism and reproduction. But apparently, India is one of the majorly affected countries in the world that is facing most number of iodine deficiency and goiter cases throughout the country. Surveys suggest that major population of Sub-himalayan belts of India ( Punjab, West Bengal, Jammu Kashmir & Himachal Pradesh), regions of low lying hills like Chota Nagpur Bihar, hilly areas of Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh, parts of Western Ghats (Maharashtra, Kerela, Karnataka), Eastern Ghats (Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu) are the most affected regions of the country facing health issues like iodine deficiency disorder, goiter and thyroid disease. These areas lack in the iodine content of the soil leading to iodine deprived growth of flora and fauna which as a result leads to iodine deficiency and its related problems. Make sure to check the iodine content before you buy your salt from your favorite grocery store instead of paying higher price for the same. A diet rich in iodine mineral will prevent diseases like thyroid, goiter and iodine deficiency related problems. So, on this world iodine deficiency day let us pledge to make our country free from iodine deficiency.
Watch the video to learn about different areas in our country that are affected with Iodine deficiency